High school seniors Parthib Samadder and Helena Hurbon stopped attending class months before graduation at BASIS Tucson North High School in May 2015. Still, not only did they graduate -- they’re bound for Ivy League universities.
What’s their secret? Samadder and Hurbon swapped out their traditional senior-year classroom instruction for a hands-on experiential learning project in the UA department of electrical and computer engineering, or ECE. Samadder used origami to design a solar-powered robot, working with professor Kathleen Melde; Hurbon studied bionics and bacteria with associate professor Wolfgang Fink, who has a joint appointment in the department of biomedical engineering.
Samadder and Hurbon were two of 57 Tucson-area BASIS seniors doing internships with universities and companies around the nation as part of the BASIS Senior Research Projects Initiative. BASIS, founded in 1998 to make U.S. students more globally competitive, includes publicly funded charter schools in Arizona, Texas and the District of Columbia.
Problem Solving Lays the Foundation
“Experiential learning is key to understanding what engineering is all about,” Melde said. “We must introduce high school students to the impact that engineers are making -- and that they can make -- in the world.”
She predicted this type of learning-by-doing research will soon be the norm in preparing high school students for the realities of engineering careers.
“This next generation isn’t as afraid of failure. If a student doesn’t know how to do something, they’ll figure out a solution by Googling it, watching a tutorial on YouTube, or reaching out to an expert. Student-led research projects play off of that natural desire to discover and solve problems, and that is what engineering is all about.”
These kinds of projects also expose students to the rigors of academic research, said James Kittredge, BASIS Tucson North college counselor.
“There’s always an advantage in researchers educating the younger generation,” he said. “Even if the benefit isn’t immediate, companies and institutions like ECE are taking a long view in cultivating an educated workforce.”
Hurbon’s mentor, Fink, incorporates this long view in his research programs.
“As part of my research, I engage students of all levels, starting from high schools, all the way to undergraduates, to graduate students,” said Fink, whom the College recently honored as the 2015 da Vinci Fellow for outstanding research and teaching.
Using Origami in Robotics
Samadder explored how origami conceals mathematical principles that have applications for engineering and real life.
“In engineering, origami allows an object to be sheet-like at its destination but small for the journey,” said Samadder, who worked with Melde to design a solar-powered robotic device using principles of origami for a compacted form.
With his newly gained skills in soldering, circuit design and antenna testing and exchanges with graduate students in Melde’s lab, Samadder said he is well prepared for any challenges he might face in his engineering program at Yale University.
“Dr. Melde's lab has amazing graduate students who are happy to help students like me access resources to pursue a wide variety of projects,” he said. “ECE is a great place for high school students to explore their research interests and decide what fields they want to go into.”
Preventing Prosthesis-Related Infections
Hurbon, whose career goal is to improve bionics for war veterans, researched the connection between bacterial growth and human prosthetics.
Her project involved using differential equations to model bacteria growth, studying physical factors -- such as temperature and moisture content -- that contribute to bacterial growth, and exploring bacterial prevention practices.
Hurbon worked in the Visual and Autonomous Exploration Systems Research Laboratory, where Fink is developing robotic rovers for exploring planets and hand-held tools for examining patients’ eyes.
The experience has clearly been an eye-opener for her.
“With research, you see how things are actually useful,” Hurbon said. “You’re not just learning equations to learn them; you’re learning them to do something good in the world.”
She added, “Having research experience before college certainly puts you in an elite few, and I am so grateful for that. I am also incredibly grateful to have worked with Dr. Fink. Engineering is a collaborative effort, and I saw that each time I worked with him.”
Hurbon was accepted into Eckerd College’s 3-2 sequence program in which she will earn two bachelor’s degrees within five years: a physics degree from Eckerd College and an engineering degree from Columbia University.